Android Version with Name List | History of Google Android Verison to 2023

Discover the story of Android's growth, from its early versions to the latest updates. Learn about the changes, features, and improvements that have shaped this popular operating system, making it what it is today.

The History of Google Android Version
The History of Google Android Version

Android is an open-source operating system whose development was started in 2003 by Android, Inc. Google purchased it in 2005 AD which beta version was released on November 5, 2007 AD. But its SDK ( software development kit) was released on November 12, 2007AD.

Google released its first Android mobile publicly in October 2008 with Android 1.0 of the T-Mobile G1, also known as HTC Dream.

List Of Android Versions

Code NameVersion numbersRelease Date
No Code Name1.0September 23, 2008
No Code Name1.1February 9, 2009
Cupcake1.5April 27, 2009
Donut1.6September 15, 2009
Eclair2.0 – 2.1October 26, 2009
Froyo2.2 – 2.2.3May 20, 2010
Gingerbread2.3 – 2.3.7December 6, 2010
Honeycomb3.0 – 3.2.6February 22, 2011
Ice Cream Sandwich4.0 – 4.0.4October 18, 2011
Jelly Bean4.1 -4.3.1July 9, 2012
KitKat4.4 – 4.4.4October 31, 2013
Lollipop5.0 – 5.1.1November 12, 2014
Marshmallow6.0 – 6.0.1October 5, 2015
Nougat7.0August 22, 2016
Nougat7.1.0 – 7.1.2 October 4, 2016
Oreo8.0August 21, 2017
Oreo8.1December 5, 2017
Pie9.0August 6, 2018
Android 1010.0September 3, 2019
Android 1111September 8, 2020
Android 1212October 4, 2021
Android 1313August 15, 2022
Android 1414October 4, 2023

Android Version 1.0 to 1.1: No codename

Android officially published its Android version 1.0 in September 2008. It is the initial version of the Android operating system. It supports Web browsers to show HTML and XHTML web pages, camera, and access web email servers (POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP).

Features of Android Version 1.0 to 1.1

  • Google Calendar.
  • Google Maps.
  • Google Sync.
  • Google Search.
  • Google Talk.
  • Instant messaging.
  • Media player.
  • Notifications appear in the status bar.
  • wallpaper.
  • YouTube video player.
  • Alarm Clock.
  • Calculator.
  • Dialer.
  • Pictures (Gallery).
  • Wi-Fi.
  • Bluetooth support.

Android version 1.5 Cupcake

On April 27, 2009, the Android updated to 1.5 with the codename of the dessert item (Cupcake). It has Linux kernel 2.6.27.

Features of Android Version 1.5 (Cupcake)

  • supports a third-party virtual keyboard.
  • Video recording and playback in MPEG-4.
  • Copy and paste feature.
  • Animated screen translations.
  • auto-rotation option.
  • ability to upload a video to YouTube.
  • upload photos to Picasa.
  • check phone usage history.

Android version 1.6 Donut

On September 15, 2009, Android 1.6 was released with the name Donut. It contains numerous new features:

Features of Android Version 1.6 Donut

  • voice and text entry search.
  • bookmark history.
  • contacts.
  • web.
  • “speak” is a string of text.
  • faster camera access.
  • Users can select multiple photos for deletion.
  • support text-to-speech engine.
  • WVGA screen resolutions.

Android version 2.0 to 2.1 Eclair

On October 26, 2009, Android 2.0 was released, whose codename was Eclair. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. It contains several new features:

Features of Android Version 2.0 to 2.1 Eclair

  • expanded account sync.
  • Microsoft Exchange email support.
  • Bluetooth 2.1.
  • ability to tap a Contact photo.
  • select to call and SMS.
  • ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages.
  • delete the oldest message automatically when the defined limit is reached.
  • Minor API bug fixes.

Android version 2.2 to 2.2.3: Froyo

On May 20, 2010, Android 2.2 (Froyo) was released based on Linux kernel 2.6.32. It contains several features:

  • speed.
  • memory.
  • performance optimization.
  • JIT compilation.
  • Integration of Chrome’s V8.
  • JavaScript engine into the Browser application.
  • supports Android Cloud to Device Messaging service.
  • Adobe Flash support.
  • security updates.
  • performance improvement.

Android version 2.3 to 2.3.7 Gingerbread

On December 6, 2010, Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) was released based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It includes the following changes:

  • support for extra-large screen size and resolutions.
  • updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed.
  • enhanced copy/paste functionality.
  • select a word by press-holding.
  • support Near Field Communication (NFC).
  • headphone virtualization.
  • new Download Manager.
  • It has improved bug fixes for Nexus S.
  • voice or video chat using Google Talk.
  • network performance for Nexus S 4G.
  • Gmail application.
  • battery efficiency.
  • fixed a voice search bug.
  • Google Wallet support for Nexus S 4G.

Android version 3.0 to 3.2.6 Honeycomb

On February 22, 2011, Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) was launched as the first tablet for Android based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It contains the features like:

  • “holographic” user interface for tablet.
  • added system Bar.
  • simplified multitasking by tapping Recent Application in the System Bar.
  • redesign the keyboard making fast typing.
  • quick access to camera exposure.
  • hardware acceleration.
  • support for multi-core processors.
  • UI refinements.
  • connectivity for USB accessories.
  • support for joysticks and gamepads.
  • high-performance Wi-Fi lock.
  • improved hardware support.
  • Google Books.
  • fixed data connectivity issues when coming out of Airplane mode.

Android version 4.0 to 4.0.4 Ice Cream Sandwich

On October 19, 2011, Android 4.0.1 (Ice Cream Sandwich) was launched, which was based on Linux kernel 3.0.1. It was the last version of the official support Adobe System Flash player. It introduces numerous new features:

  • refinements to the “Holo” interface with the new Roboto font family.
  • separation of widgets in a new tab.
  • integrated screenshot capture.
  • improved error correction on the keyboard.
  • improved copy and paste functionality.
  • build-in photo editor.
  • fixed minor bugs.
  • improvement to graphics.
  • spell-checking.
  • better camera performance.

Android version 4.1 to 4.3.1 Jelly Bean

On June 27, 2012, Google announced Android 4.1(Jelly Bean) at the Google I/O conference. It is based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. It updates to the following features:

  • a smoother user interface.
  • enhanced accessibility.
  • expandable notification.
  • fixed bug on Nexus 7.
  • one-finger gestures to expand/collapse notifications.
  • lock screen improvement.
  • multiple user accounts (tablets only).
  • new clock application.
  • Bluetooth low energy support.
  • volume for an incoming call.
  • 4K resolution support.
  • native emoji support.
  • bug fixes for the Nexus 7 LTE.

Android version 4.4 to 4.4.4 KitKat

On September 3, 2013, Google announced Android 4.4 (KitKat). Initially, its code name was “Key Lime Pie”. Google started on Google’s Nexus 5 on October 31, 2013. The minimum required amount of RAM should be available to Android is 340 MB. The other devices with less than 512 MB of RAM must report themselves as “low RAM” devices. It includes several new features:

  • clock no longer displays bold hours.
  • wireless printing capability.
  • WebViews are based on the Chromium engine.
  • sensor batching.
  • the built-in screen recording feature.
  • better application compatibility.
  • camera application loads Google+ Photo instead of Gallery.

Android version 5.0 to 5.1.1 Lollipop

Android 5.0 “Lollipop” was initially named “Android L” on June 25, 2014. It was officially introduced on November 12, 2014. Lollipop provides several features:

  • the redesigned user interface.
  • support for 64-bit CPUs.
  • support for print previews.
  • material design.
  • Project Volta for battery life improvement.
  • multiple user accounts.
  • audio input, and output through USB devices.
  • join Wi-Fi networks.
  • support for multiple SIM cards.
  • device protection.
  • high-definition voice calls.
  • native Wi-Fi calling support.

Android version 6.0 – 6.0.1 Marshmallow

Android 6.0 “Marshmallow” was disclosed under the codename “Android M” on May 28, 2015, for Nexus 5 and Nexus 6 phones, and Nexus 9 tablets.

On October 5, 2015, Android launched “Marshmallow” for all Android devices. It contains various new features:

  • the App Standby feature.
  • introduces the Doze mode to save battery life.
  • native fingerprint reader support.
  • run-time permission requests.
  • USB-C support.
  • Unicode 7.0 & 8.0 emoji support.

Android version 7.0 to 7.1.2 Nougat

Android 7.0 “Nougat” was the major release for the Android operating system. Its initial codename was “Android N”. It was first released as a developer preview on March 9, 2016, with factory images for the Nexus device.

On August 22, 2016, the final preview build was released with the following features:

  • file-based encryption.
  • zoom in on the screen.
  • multi-window support.
  • new Data Saver mode.
  • JIT compiler makes 75 per cent faster app installation.
  • picture-in-picture support.
  • support manager APIs.
  • circular app icons support.
  • send GIFs directly from the default keyboard.
  • battery usage alerts.

Android version 8.0 to 8.1 Oreo

Android 8.0 “Oreo” was the 8th major release of the Android operating system. It was first released for developer preview on March 21, 2017. The final developer preview was released on July 24, 2017. On August 21, 2017, its stable version was released with several features:

  • picture-in-picture support.
  • support for Unicode 10.0 emoji (5.0).
  • restructured settings.
  • adaptive icons.
  • notification channels.
  • notification dots.
  • 2 times faster boot time.
  • Google Play Protect.
  • Integrated printing support.
  • Neural network API.
  • shared memory API.
  • Android Oreo Go Edition.
  • autofill framework.
  • automatic light, and dark themes.

Android version 9.0 Pie

Android 9.0 “Pie” was the ninth major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced and preview launched by Google on March 7, 2018. It was officially released on August 6, 2018. It has the following features:

  • the clock has moved to the left of the notification bar.
  • the “screenshot” button has been added.
  • the battery percentage is always shown on display.

Android version 10

Android 10 is the tenth extensive version of the Android operating system. Android 10 was developed under the codename “Android Q”. It was initially announced by Google on March 13, 2019, and its first beta version was released on the same day and its second beta was released on April 3, 2019.

The stable version of Android 10 was released on September 3, 2019. It contains features like:

  • new permissions to access location in the background.
  • floating setting panel.
  • support for an AV1 video codec.
  • support for biometric authentication.
  • support for the WPA3 Wi-Fi security.

Android 11

Android 11 operating system is the eleventh big release of Android. It is the 18th version of Android mobile OS, which was released on 8 September 2020. The alphabetic naming system of Android, based on deserts, was stopped since Android 10. So, therefore, this operating system has been branded with “Android 11”.

Features included in Android 11

  • Conversations: Get all your messages in one place.
  • Accessibility: Perceptive apps help us to control and navigate our phones using voice commands.
  • Device controls: Android 11 allows us to control all our connected devices (IoT) from a single point.
  • Content capture: Android 11 comes with a screen recording feature that captures our phone’s current screen activity.
  • Predictive tools: By predicting our habits and patterns of working, it suggests accordingly.
  • Privacy & Security: Android 11 gives more security and privacy fixes to our smartphones straight from Google Play.
  • Media: We can play music from other devices connected to our phones.

Android 12

Android 12 was launched on October 4, 2021, with plenty of new features in Android 12 that you should try. Its Major Features are as follows:

  • Easier Wi-Fi sharing.
  • AVIF image support.
  • Material You, an updated design language based on Material Design.
  • Scrolling Screenshot.
  • One-Handed Mode.
  • Android Runtime (ART) module added to the updatable core OS components via Google Play, added functionality to existing modules.
  • Area Magnification can zoom in on any content on the device.
  • Extra Dim reduces brightness below a minimum level.
  • Bold Text.
  • Greyscale.
  • Mic and Camera indicator and toggle.
  • Option to choose a precise or approximate location.
  • Privacy Dashboard.
  • Gestures can work in immersive mode.
  • Performance improvements to system services to improve transitions, power efficiency, and reduce app startup times.

Android 13

Codename: Tiramisu
Version Number(s): 13
API Level: 33
Initial Stable Release Date: August 15, 2022

Android 13 Features:

  • Themed App Icons: Users might have the ability to customize app icons with themes or different icon packs for a more personalized experience.
  • New Media Controls: Possibly revamped media controls for easier management and access to media playback across apps.
  • Per-App Language Preferences: Individual language settings for different apps, allowing users to use their preferred language in specific applications.
  • Photo Picker: A refined photo picker might offer more granular control over photo access and sharing, prioritizing user privacy.
  • Notification Permissions: Likely more control over notification permissions for apps, allowing users to manage notifications more effectively.
  • Cleared Clipboard History: Improved management and control over clipboard history for enhanced privacy.
  • Messaging App Streaming: Potential features allowing messaging apps to stream content or data across devices seamlessly.
  • Cross-Device Copy and Paste: Enhanced copy-paste functionalities across different devices for a smoother and more connected user experience.
  • Enhanced Audio: Potential improvements in audio processing or quality for a better audio experience across various applications.
  • Multitasking on Tablets: Enhanced multitasking functionalities specifically designed for tablets, providing better multitasking experiences on larger screens.

Android 14

Codename: Upside Down Cake
Version Number(s): 14
API Level: 34
Initial Stable Release Date: October 4, 2023

Android 14 Features:

  • Lock Screen Customization: Users can expect new customization options for their lock screens.
  • Redesigned Back Arrow for Gesture Navigation: A redesigned back arrow could enhance gesture-based navigation experiences.
  • Improved System Share Sheet: Enhancements to the system share sheet for better functionality.
  • Delightful Interface Tweaks: Small but delightful interface adjustments that enhance user experience.
  • Improved PIN Security: Upgrades to PIN security and convenience features.
  • Sideload Restrictions: Additional restrictions for sideloading apps, emphasizing security measures.
  • New Default Profile Images: Expect new default profile images for user accounts.
  • Enhanced User Switching Animation: Improved animation for user account switching.
  • Image Permission Dialog Enhancement: Improvements to the image permission dialog for better user understanding.
  • Dragging and Dropping Between Apps: Support for dragging and dropping content while switching between apps.
  • Clock Shortcut in Notification Shade: Return of the clock shortcut in the notification shade for quicker access.
  • Silent Mode Icon: A new icon for silent mode.
  • Charging Indicator: A more prominent charging indicator in the status bar.
  • Battery Health Indicator: Capability to display battery health information.
  • Lava Lamp Effect in Media Player: A visual effect for the media player, possibly resembling a lava lamp.
  • Flashlight Notifications: Flashlight usage for notifications.
  • Separate Volume Settings: Separation of ringtone and notification volume settings.
  • 2.4GHz Toggle for Wi-Fi Hotspots: A dedicated toggle for 2.4GHz Wi-Fi hotspots.
  • Health Connect Integration: Health Connect becoming a system app and transferring previous user data.
  • Improved Accessibility Features: Enhanced accessibility through font size adjustments, bigger fonts, and new hearing device settings.
  • Gesture Navigation Tutorials: New tutorials for gesture-based navigation.
  • Gesture Customization: Option to force a transparent navigation bar.
  • Material You-themed Toggles: Material You-themed toggles introduced in settings.
  • AI-generated Wallpapers: Planned introduction of AI-generated wallpapers.
  • Font Size Adjustments: On-the-go adjustments for font size.
  • Revamped Contrast Selector: A revamped selector for contrast settings.
  • Manufacture Date Display: Feature to display when the phone was manufactured.
  • Per-App Preferences for Date Formats: Regional per-app preferences for date formats.
  • Location Usage Information: Insight into apps using location services.
  • Cross-Device Optimization: Focus on big screens and cross-device use cases.